IELTS Writing

Aulas de IELTS online em Uberlandia Brasil, ingles

Academic Writing Task 1

You will be presented with a graph, table, chart or diagram and asked to describe, summarise or explain the information in your own words. You may be asked to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process, how something works or describe an object or event.

 In Task 1, test takers are asked to describe some visual information (graph/table/chart/diagram) in their own words. They need to write 150 words in about 20 minutes.

 In Task 1, test takers are asked to describe some visual information (graph/table/chart/diagram) in their own words. They need to write 150 words in about 20 minutes.

CK Strategy for this task is to use 4 paragraphs, but first take a minute to examine and try to understand the infographic.

1. Introduction - paraphrase the question and name all the parts of the infographic.

2. Overview - This gives the main features/key points of what is happening in the infographic.

3. Detail 1 - This gives more detail about what is happening - either 1 or 2 of the things being compared

4. Detail 2 - This give more detail about what is happening - the other things that are being compared.

After finishing, check your work. Give yourself at least a minute. 

Look at this example. 

Task 1: The graph below shows the consumption of spreads from 1981 to 2007.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words.

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Paragraph 1 – Intro - One complex sentence to explain what the graph is and shows.

The line graph illustrates the amount, in grams, of three kinds of spreads including margarine, low fat & reduced spreads and butter, 

which were consumed over 26 years from 1981 to 2007.

 

Paragraph 2 – Overview - An overview. Key points. Avoid valudes.

Overall, the consumption of margarine and butter decreases over the given period while for low fat and reduced spreads, it

rose. At the start of the period, butter was the most popular spread which was replaced by margarine from 1991 to 2001, and

following that low fat and reduced spreads became the most widely used spread in the final years.

 

Paragraph 3 – Body 1 - Graph 1 or group of info. Describe in detail what is happening in one of the graphs or in a part of the information.

With regard to the amount of butter used, it began at around 140 grams and then peaked at 160 grams in 1986 before falling

dramatically to about 50 grams in the last year. Likewise, approximately 90 grams of margarine was eaten in the first year

after which the figure fluctuated slightly and dropped to a low of 40 grams in 2007.

 

Paragraph 4 – Body 2 - Graph 2 or group of info. Describe in detail what is happening in one of the graphs or in a part of the information.

On the other hand, the consumption of low fats and reduced spreads only started in 1996 at about 10 grams. This figure,

which reached a high of just over 80 grams 5 years later, fell slightly in the final years to approximately. 

General Writing Task 1

In Writing Task 1, test takers are presented with a situation and required to write a personal response in the form of an informal, semi-formal or formal letter of at least 150 words in the answer booklet provided. 

Test takers are told what kind of information (in the form of three bullet points) they must include in their response. They may be required to request or give information and/or explain a situation. To do this, they may need to do some of the following: ask for and/or provide general factual information, express needs, wants, likes or dislikes, express opinions or complaints, make requests or make suggestions/recommendations.

The style of writing that test takers use depends who they are asked to write to (i.e. the audience) and how well they are supposed to know them. They need to write in a style that is appropriate for their audience and that will help them to achieve their purpose for writing, e.g. writing to a friend (informal) or writing to a manager (semi-formal or formal). Test takers do not need to include any addresses at the head of their letters.

Test takers should spend no more than 20 minutes on this task. They are asked to write at least 150 words and will be penalised if their answer is too short. While test takers will not be penalised for writing more than 150 words, they should remember that a longer Task 1 answer may mean that they have less time to spend on Task 2, which contributes twice as much to the Writing band score.

Test takers should also note that they will be penalised for irrelevance, if the response is off-topic or is not written as full, connected text (e.g. using bullet points in any part of the response, or note form, etc.). 

Task focus: This task assesses the ability to follow English letter-writing conventions (i.e. what order to put information in, what style to use, how to start and finish a letter), to use language accurately and appropriately and to organise and link information coherently and cohesively.

The CK Strategy is to use 5 "paragraphs"

Dear XXX

Paragraph 1. Opening sentence and aim

Paragraph 2. Point 1

Paragraph 3. Point 2

Paragraph 4. Point 3

Paragraph 5. Closing Statement/action to be taken/Goodbye

Sign Off



You will move to a new city for work. You know some people who live there.
In your letter,
- Ask them for help finding accommodation
- Tell them where you would like to live
- Tell them the type of place you are looking for

Write at least 150 words.

You do NOT need to write any addresses.

Dear XXX - So in this example they do not tell you how close I am to these people so to make it easier for me I will pretend that I know them quite well, but haven't spoken to them in quite a while.

Dear Mark and Janet,

 

Paragraph 1. Opening sentence and aim. So, because I haven't spoken to them in quite a while, but they are friends I will make this obvious in this opening line.
It has been ages since I we last spoke. I hope everything is well! I have some great news for you! We are moving to New York! We will be arriving in around 6 months if everything goes to plan. I was hoping that I could pick your brains and get some advice about a few things.
 

Paragraph 2. Point 1 - Ask them for help finding accommodation
I really don't know very much about how things work in New York, specifically about finding accommodation... especially affordable accommodation, My question for you is how should I go about finding accommodation. Are their any good websites or should I speak to an agent over the phone? Do you think it is necessary for me to go to New York to see the apartments before or can I trust the websites. 
 

Paragraph 3. Point 2 - Tell them where you would like to live
I will be working in Manhattan and you remember how much I hate to commute and waste time in traffic, so ideally the apartment would be somewhere in Manhattan. Obviously, if things are too expensive I will be willing to live in one of the other boroughs. But Manhattan is definitely our first choice. What do you think?
 

Paragraph 4. Point 3 - Tell them the type of place you are looking for

As you know, I am married to my beautiful wife Gabriela and have 6 year old son, so I think that a small 2 bedroom apartment would be perfect for us. Some other nonnegotiable features of the apartment would be that it needs to be in a clean, safe and modern building with a security manager. You know how worried we are about crime since what happened to us last year. Some other things that are less important are to have a balcony, laundry room and a built in closet. But those are not a deal breaker. 

Paragraph 5. Closing Statement/action to be taken/Goodbye

So, I guess that is it. Please let me know if you have any advice about this. We are a little lost when it comes to accommodation in New York. But either way, it will be great living close to you guys and hanging out more often! We are so excited!

Sign Off - informal.

Thanks a million,

Chris

Academic & General Writing Task 2

In Writing Task 2, test takers are given a topic to write about an academic or semi-formal/neutral style. Answers should be a discursive consideration of the relevant issues. Test takers should make sure that they read the task carefully and provide a full and relevant response. For example, if the topic is a particular aspect of computers, they should focus on this aspect in their response. They should not simply write about computers in general.

Test takers should spend no more than 40 minutes on this task. They are asked to write at least 250 words and will be penalised if their answer is too short. While test takers will not be penalised for writing more than 250 words, if they write a very long answer they may not have time for checking and correcting at the end and some ideas may not be directly relevant to the question.
Task 2 contributes twice as much to the final Writing band score as Task 1. Therefore, test takers who fail to attempt to answer this task will greatly reduce their chance of achieving a good band.

Task focus: This task assesses the ability to present a clear, relevant, well-organised argument, giving evidence or examples to support ideas and use language accurately.

CK English strategy is to follow a template consisting of 4 paragraphs or 5 paragraphs with a 3rd body paragraph. 
 

Paragraph 1: Introduction
Sentence 1: Hook: One complex sentence about the topic. It must attract the attention of the reader. Use a lot of adjective and adverbs: This SHOULD NOT ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.
Sentence 2 and 3( if needed): Answer: Answer the question. Try to make a complex sentence of it.

Paragraph 2: Body 1: Reason 1 / Advantages 
Sentence 1: Topic Sentence: This must tell the reader what the paragraph is about.  If the sentences that follow are not related to this sentence the paragraph is not well written. 
Sentence 2/3/4: Detail: Provide more details about the topic sentences. Explain exactly what it is. 
Sentence: 5/6/7: Example: Provide a real example one that you have witnessed.
Sentence 8: Conclude: Provide a conclusion to the paragraph.

Paragraph 3: Body 2: Reason 2 / Disadvantages 
Sentence 1: Topic Sentence: This must tell the reader what the paragraph is about.  If the sentences that follow are not related to this sentence the paragraph is not well written. 
Sentence 2/3/4: Detail: Provide more details about the topic sentences. Explain exactly what it is. 
Sentence: 5/6/7: Example: Provide a real example one that you have witnessed.
Sentence 8: Conclude: Provide a conclusion to the paragraph.

Paragraph 4: Conclusion:
Sentence 1: Paraphrase the thesis/answer/opinion  
Sentence 2: Summarise the 2 reasons, advantages/disadvantages