TOEFL

CK English Aulas Particulares de inglês em Uberlândia ou online no Brasil

01 TOEFL

Listening

01 ListeningCK English
00:00 / 03:34

Speaking

Task 1

01 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:41

Task 2

Education Job Fair

Saturday, October 9      9:00 a.m.-12:00 p.m.        Washington Center

The University of the Rockies has been offering our Placement Abroad Services for prospective teachers since 1980. This program is sponsored by the University of the Rockies' Career Services Center. Originally initiated to provide American schools abroad with certified teachers, the Placement Abroad Services now includes the U of R Recruitment Fair, credential and referral services, and the "Careers in Education" publication. We are dedicated to providing our graduates in Education the opportunity to meet and interview with recruitment staff from international schools. This service is free for all U of R students and alumni.

01 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:10
01 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:10

Task 3

Critical Period

It is generally believed that for many organisms, there is a specific time period, a so-called “window of opportunity,” during which the organism must receive crucial input from its environment in order for normal development to occur. This period is called the critical period. If the needed environmental input is not received during this period, the normal development of certain physical attributes or behaviors may never occur. In other words, if the organism is not provided with the needed stimulus or influence during the critical period, it may permanently lose the capacity to ever obtain a particular physical attribute or behavior.

01 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:45
01 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:49

Task 4

01 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:08
01 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:44

Writing

Task Independent

People attend college or university for many different reasons (for example, new experiences, career preparation, increased knowledge). Why do you think people attend college or university? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

02 TOEFL

Listening

02 ListeningCK English
00:00 / 02:04

Speaking

Task 1

02 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:14

Task 2

Professor Fox Accepts New Position

We are happy to announce that Professor Fox will be filling the vacant Dean of Students position. Strong organizational skills are important for this position. Professor Fox has demonstrated such skills in her role as Head of the Philosophy Department, where she has coordinated department affairs for five years. Additionally, the Dean of Students must be someone who is able to work well with students, since responsibilities include counseling and advising students who are dealing with personal problems. As our head women’s soccer coach, Professor Fox has proven to be a supportive role model for team members, always offering assistance when they ask for personal guidance.

02 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:14
02 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:55

Task 3

Mathematics and Children's Misconceptions

Analyses of children's misconceptions in mathematics indicate that children have considerable difficulties in dealing with fractions. Given the choice of 50 percent and 25 percent, and asked to choose which number is higher, children will correctly choose 50 percent. However, given the choice of 1/2 and 1/4, they will incorrectly choose 1/4. Their reasoning is that since 4 is a larger number than 2, 1/4 is larger than 1/2. Considering this misconception, it is highly likely that the correct answers they give to percentage questions aren't based on understanding the concept of percentages. Holding onto the misconception that 1/4 is a larger number than 1/2, the child often miscalculates the simple addition problem of 1/2 plus 1/2, coming up with the answer of 1/4 instead of 2/2 or 1.

02 Speaking Task 3 Lecture.MP3CK English
00:00 / 02:06
02 Speaking Task 3 Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:12

Task 4

02 Speaking Task 4 Lecture.MP3CK English
00:00 / 02:25
02 Speaking Task 4 Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:07

Writing

Task Independent 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents are the best teachers. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

03 TOEFL

Listening

03 ListeningCK English
00:00 / 02:36

Speaking

Task 1

03 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:45

Task 2

Legal Aid Project

Founded in 1968, the Legal Aid Project provides free legal services to students. This nonprofit organization was established in order to give law students practical experience in the application of the law. Students are required to work one semester of their senior year in the Project as part of their training. During the semester, students accompany attorneys and lawyers to the courthouse to observe ongoing cases. Many go on to work additional semesters in the Project on a volunteer basis. The Project staff assists the law students with their work and evaluates the job done.

03 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:07
03 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Task 3

Keystone Species

Within a habitat, each species depends on other species, and contributes to the overall stability of that ecosystem. However, some species do more than others by providing essential services. Without the influence of these key species, the habitat changes significantly. Scientists refer to these important players in an ecosystem as keystone species. When a keystone species disappears from its habitat, the habitat changes dramatically. Their disappearance can then trigger the loss of other species. As some species vanish, others move in or become more abundant. The new mix of species changes the habitat’s appearance and character.

03 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:43
03 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:57

Task 4

03 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:05
03 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:42

Writing

Task Independent

Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

04 TOEFL

Listening

04 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 02:24
04 Listening Question 2CK English
00:00 / 00:22
04 Listening Question 4ACK English
00:00 / 00:05
04 Listening Question 4BCK English
00:00 / 00:16

Speaking

Task 1

04 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:40

Task 2

Plans for Campus Gym

The recreational services department will receive special funding from this year’s budget to increase the number of exercise machines in the campus gym. The increase is in response to numerous student complaints regarding the insufficient number of machines available. Recreational services agrees that, due to an increase in university enrollment, more students are using the gym. They, therefore, welcomed the proposal, adding that it would encourage even more students to exercise and would help to promote a healthier lifestyle among students.

04 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 00:47
04 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:56

Task 3

Transportation of Agricultural Goods

The availability of a transportation network has a considerable influence on the production and distribution of agricultural products. For commercial agriculture, the costs of transportation are a major restricting factor on what might be grown. Bulky items, because of their weight, and perishable food items, because of their need for refrigeration, are more expensive in terms of shipping costs. Such economic considerations are an important factor in many parts of the world. Even if a subsistence farmer managed to produce a surplus that could be sold, the transportation costs to get the supply to the market could be prohibitively high.

04 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:45
04 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:10

Task 4

04 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:33
04 Speaking Task 4 Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:08

Writing

Task Independent 

It has been said, “Not everything that is learned is contained in books.” Compare and contrast knowledge gained from experience with knowledge gained from books. In your opinion, which source is more important? Why?

05 TOEFL

Listening

05 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 03:53
05 Listening Question 3ACK English
00:00 / 00:02
05 Listening Question 3BCK English
00:00 / 00:11

Speaking

Task 1

05 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:43

Task 2

Financial Aid Office Announcement

The Work-Study Program gives undergraduate and graduate students the opportunity to earn money on campus to pay for their education-related expenses. The pay is based on minimum wage, but can be higher based on the job requirements. Students can earn up to $3,000 per year depending on financial need. To be eligible for consideration in the program, a student must be registered as a full-time student and must be able to demonstrate financial need. To obtain more information or to apply for one of the listed jobs, contact the Financial Aid Office in Buxley Hall.

02 Speaking Task 3 Dialogue.MP3CK English
00:00 / 01:13
02 Speaking Task 3 Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:11

Task 3

The Establishing Shot

Film directors use different types of camera shots for specific purposes. An establishing shot is an image shown briefly at the beginning of a scene, usually taken from far away, that is used to provide context for the rest of the scene. One purpose of the establishing shot is to communicate background information to the viewer, such as the setting—where and when the rest of the scene will occur. It also establishes the mood or feeling of the scene. Due to the context that the establishing shot provides, the characters and events that are shown next are better understood by the viewer.

05 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:36
05 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Task 4

05 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:51
05 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:09

Writing

Task Independent

A company has announced that it wishes to build a large factory near your community. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this new influence on your community. Do you support or oppose the factory? Explain your position.

Integrated Writing 02

Endotherms are animals such as modern birds and mammals that keep their body temperature constant. For instance, humans are endotherms and maintain an internal temperature of 37C, no matter whether the environment is warm or cold. Because dinosaurs were reptiles, and modern reptiles are not endotherms, it was long assumed that dinosaurs were not endotherms. However, dinosaurs differ in many ways from modern reptiles, and there is now considerable evidence that dinosaurs were, in fact, endotherms.

 

Polar dinosaurs
One reason for believing that dinosaurs were endotherms is that dinosaur fossils have been discovered in polar regions. Only animals that can maintain a temperature well above that of the surrounding environment could be active in such cold climates. 

 

Leg position and movement
There is a connection between endothermy and the position and movement of the legs. The physiology of endothermy allows sustained physical activity, such as running. But running is efficient only if an animal's legs are positioned underneath its body, not at the body’s side, as they are for crocodiles and many lizards. The legs of all modern endotherms are underneath the body, and so were the legs of dinosaurs. This strongly suggests that dinosaurs were endotherms. 

 

Haversian canals
There is also a connection between endothermy and bone structure. The bones of endotherms usually include structures called Haversian canals. These canals house nerves and blood vessels that allow the living animal to grow quickly, and rapid body growth is in fact a characteristic of endothermy. The presence of Haversian canals in bone is a strong indicator that the animal is an endotherm, and fossilized bones of dinosaurs are usually dense with Haversian canals. 

Integrated Writing 2 - DinosaursCK English
00:00 / 02:13
Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:07

06 TOEFL

Listening

06 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 02:32
06 Listening Question 4BCK English
00:00 / 00:15
06 Listening Question 5BCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Speaking

Task 1

06 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:12

Task 2

Required Work Experience

The business studies department at State University will now require all students enrolled in its program to complete one semester of work experience in a local corporation or small business. It is felt that students will benefit from this work experience by developing leadership and organizational skills that would not normally be learned in a classroom or campus setting. Furthermore, the relationships that students establish with the company that they work for may help them to secure permanent employment with that company once they have completed the program and graduated.

06 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:07
06 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:10

Task 3

Symbiotic Relationships
Symbiosis refers to an intimate relationship between two organisms. This term does not indicate whether the relationship is beneficial or harmful to the organisms involved. Mutual symbiosis, or mutualism, occurs when both species gain some benefit from the relationship, whereas parasitism consists of a relationship in which one of the organisms benefits, while the other one is harmed. A third symbiotic relationship is that of commensalism. In commensalism, the relationship is beneficial to one of the organisms while the other neither benefits nor is harmed. A commensal organism can be either obligate or facultative. The obligate commensal cannot survive without its symbiotic partner. The facultative commensal can be found either living with its symbiotic partner or on its own.

06 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:17
06 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:14

Task 4

06 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:26
06 Speaking Task 6 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Writing

Task Independent 

If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

07 TOEFL

Listening

07 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 05:50
07 Listening Question 4ACK English
00:00 / 00:02
07 Listening Question 4BCK English
00:00 / 00:17

Speaking

Task 1

07 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:42

Task 2

Letter to the Editor

Most students are unaware of the employment conditions of our instructors. In fact, an ever increasing percentage of our university teachers have adjunct contracts. This means that they are only hired for a semester at a time, are underpaid, and receive no benefits. Although universities make great savings by following a policy of using temporary instructors, students do not benefit from these savings in the form of lower tuition fees. Considering how our university is exploiting teachers, we as students should be asking in what ways our education is suffering from this situation.

07 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:13
07 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:09

Task 3

Entertainment Merchandising

An effective, widely used marketing practice in the entertainment industry is entertainment merchandising. Entertainment merchandising is a form of marketing in which the brand or image from one product is also used to sell another. The practice of entertainment merchandising often occurs in connection with movies and television shows, especially those associated with children. For example, the success of a popular children’s television show may result in the marketing of toys that are designed to look like characters in the show. Or the situation may be reversed when a children’s television show is written to include characters that are based on popular children's toys.

07 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:41
07 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:07

Task 4

07 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:24
07 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Writing

Task Independent

How do movies or television influence people’s behavior? Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.

08 TOEFL

Listening

08 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 03:53
08 Listening Question 2CK English
00:00 / 00:07
08 Listening Question 3CK English
00:00 / 00:12
08 Listening Question 4CK English
00:00 / 00:16

Speaking

Task 1

08 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:17

Task 2

Student Art Display

The university is currently considering possible locations on campus for displaying paintings and other artwork by students. I think the lobby at the entrance to the student center would be a great location. Since many students pass through the student center every day, artwork displayed in the lobby would be viewed by hundreds of people. Also, because the whole front of the building is made of glass windows, the lobby is filled with natural light. This makes it perfect for displaying artwork, which should have plenty of light to be seen and appreciated.

08 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:12
08 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:13

Task 3

Imprinting
Animal psychologists have long known that young geese and ducks instinctively follow their mother, but only if they have the opportunity to do so at an early point in their lives. If these goslings or ducklings are separated from their mothers during this sensitive period, they will not develop an attachment to her.
Konrad Lorenz, the scientist who developed our knowledge of this phenomenon, used the term imprinting to identify the process in which this bond is formed. Lorenz noted that imprinting appears immediately after hatching and that the period during which it can develop lasts for at most a couple of days. Moreover, Lorenz argued that imprinting was irreversible and that a hatchling will imprint on its mother, or, remarkably, on any suitable moving object if the mother is not available.

08 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:49
08 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:11

Task 4

08 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:24
08 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Writing

Task Independent 

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Television has destroyed communication among friends and family. Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

09 TOEFL

Listening

09 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 03:10
09 Listening Question 1CK English
00:00 / 00:04
09 Listening Question 2CK English
00:00 / 00:35
09 Listening Question 3ACK English
00:00 / 00:03
09 Listening Question 3BCK English
00:00 / 00:16
09 Listening Question 4CK English
00:00 / 00:47
09 Listening Question 5CK English
00:00 / 00:15

Speaking

Task 1

09 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:41

Task 2

Important Notice for Shuttle Bus Users

Because of road repairs along Main Street, there will be some minor routing changes of the university shuttle buses. Effective Monday, April 10, buses that normally follow Main Street can be boarded at Pine Street and Sixth Avenue. Buses will return to their regular routes on Monday, April 17. This temporary change will not affect travel or schedule times. We are sorry for the inconvenience for those who use the shuttle buses to get to and from neighborhoods in and around campus. If you have questions or need more information, please call our University Transit Center at 555-8552.

09 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:20
09 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:09

Task 3

Outsider Art

Outsider Art is a term used to describe art that is made by people who choose to live and work outside society. The artists who produce this kind of art—Outsider Artists—work in isolation from other artists and have little or no formal artistic training. Because they do not learn conventional artistic techniques from teachers or other artists, Outsider Artists must invent their own ways of doing things. As a result of the unconventional methods that Outsider Artists often use, their work can look strange and not at all like traditional art to the observer.

09 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:25
09 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:06

Task 4

09 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:32
09 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:11

Writing

Task Independent

Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.

10 TOEFL

Listening

10 Listening DialogueCK English
00:00 / 03:21
10 Listening Question 1B.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:05
10 Listening Question 2ACK English
00:00 / 00:02
10 Listening Question 2BCK English
00:00 / 00:16
10 Listening Question 3ACK English
00:00 / 00:05
10 Listening Question 3BCK English
00:00 / 00:19
10 Listening Question 4ACK English
00:00 / 00:06
10 Listening Question 4BCK English
00:00 / 00:14
10 Listening Question 5ACK English
00:00 / 00:04
10 Listening Question 5BCK English
00:00 / 00:27

Speaking

Task 1

10 Speaking Task 1CK English
00:00 / 00:20

Task 2

Housing Renovations Planned

Over the last ten years, the number of Central College students living on campus in dormitories has decreased by twenty percent. In an effort to counteract the trend, the college has announced a plan to renovate its on-campus housing. The renovations will take two years, and they will include improvements to the bathrooms, lighting, and heating in the dormitories. “A lot of people are moving off campus because the dorms aren’t in great shape,” explained the college president. “By renovating the dorms, we can make them more appealing than off-campus housing, and more students will choose to remain on campus.”

10 Speaking Task 2 DialogueCK English
00:00 / 01:02
10 Speaking Task 2 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:10

Task 3

Regulating Pesticide Use
    In 1996 Congress passed a law called the Food Quality Protection Act. Prior to this law farmers could use pesticides at levels that produced abundant crop yields. This law was enacted to ensure that pesticide use does not endanger the public, and in particular, children. To guarantee safe use, the toxicity of different pesticides must be determined. The Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) has undertaken studies in an effort to identify the reference dose that is considered safe for the public's daily consumption and to reach a final risk assessment on which to base management decisions concerning the regulatory use of pesticides. These studies have resulted in the reevaluation of the safety of many pesticides.

10 Speaking Task 3 LectureCK English
00:00 / 01:55
10 Speaking Task 3 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:08

Task 4

10 Speaking Task 4 LectureCK English
00:00 / 02:10
10 Speaking Task 4 QuestionCK English
00:00 / 00:06

Writing

Task Independent 

“When people succeed, it is because of hard work. Luck has nothing to do with success.” Do you agree or disagree with the quotation above? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your position.

Integrated Writing 03

Communal online encyclopedias represent one of the latest resources to be found on the Internet. They are in many respects like traditional printed encyclopedias: collections of articles on various subjects. What is specific to these online encyclopedias, however, is that any Internet user can contribute a new article or make an editorial change in an existing one. As a result, the encyclopedia is authored by the whole community of Internet users. The idea might sound attractive, but the communal online encyclopedias have several important problems that make them much less valuable than traditional, printed encyclopedias. 

First, contributors to a communal online encyclopedia often lack academic credentials, thereby making their contributions partially informed at best and downright inaccurate in many cases. Traditional encyclopedias are written by trained experts who adhere to standards of academic rigor that nonspecialists cannot really achieve. 

 

Second, even if the original entry in the online encyclopedia is correct, the communal nature of these online encyclopedias gives unscrupulous users and vandals or hackers the opportunity to fabricate, delete, and corrupt information in the encyclopedia. Once changes have been made to the original text, an unsuspecting user cannot tell the entry has been tampered with. None of this is possible with a traditional encyclopedia. 

 

Third, the communal encyclopedias focus too frequently, and in too great a depth, on trivial and popular topics, which creates a false impression of what is important and what is not. A child doing research for a school project may discover that a major historical event receives as much attention in an online encyclopedia as, say, a single long-running television program. The traditional encyclopedia provides a considered view of what topics to include or exclude and contains a sense of proportion that online "democratic" communal encyclopedias do not. 

Integrated Writing 3 - EncyclopediasCK English
00:00 / 02:23
Question.MP3CK English
00:00 / 00:07