Sally shares a special relationship with her mother. Her parents are divorced, but Sally hopes they will be reunited. Her mom tells her this is impossible. Her dad has never done an honest day’s work in his life. Sally yearns for a normal family and another sibling.
Sally looks forward to rushing home after school. She loves chatting to her mom, Pam, who is a writer. They have tea with delicious muffins, cakes and pancakes. Pam first helps Sally with homework and then goes back to her office. Some evenings, Pam’s friend, Uncle Phil, visits. He treats them to the movies and leisurely strolls on the Durban beaches.
Today, something is very different. There are dozens of red roses in the hallway. A huge, iced cake and a bottle of champagne are on the counter. Sally hears voices. Mom and Uncle Phil stroll in.
“Oh, Sally! I have wonderful news for you. Uncle Phil has asked me to marry him and I have agreed.” Sally notices there are tears of joy in her mother’s eyes. Uncle Phil looks very pleased.
Sally feels some sadness thinking about her real dad. But when she hugs Uncle Phil, she feels safe and secure in his arms.
My real dad...
I really feel so sad.
Uncle Phil can never be my real dad.
Mum is in seventh heaven.
She has made a decision in life
Not to be dad’s wife.
I suppose I have to cope.
It is really useless to have false hope.
A very special person
One morning in 1880, a baby girl called Helen Keller was born in Alabama, America. Helen’s mother was very happy to see her baby. She dreamed of all the things they would do together.
However, when Helen was one-and-a-half years old, she became deaf and blind. She felt all alone in a world where she could see and hear nothing.
Then her parents had an idea: they got a teacher, Anne Sullivan, to help Helen. The first word Helen learnt to say was “water”. She also learnt how to spell words with her hands.
She learnt how to type and even went to university. She also loved animals, especially dogs.
Helen inspired many people. She said many things that people today still remember.
She said: “The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen nor even touched, but just felt in the heart.”
She also said: “We are never really happy until we try to brighten the lives of others.”
Characteristics of living plants and animals
Although living things look different, they all carry out seven similar processes. We call these the seven life processes.
MOVING: All living plants and animals move
• Humans and animals use their bodies to move from one place to another.
• Some plants turn towards light or water. Roots mostly grow downwards. Many stems grow upwards.
REPRODUCING: All living things make offspring (babies or seeds)
• Humans and animals have babies.
• Some new plants can grow from seeds.
• Other plants grow from cuttings or shoots.
SENSING: All living things respond to any change that they sense
• When you are feeling cold, you will put on a jersey or jacket.
• When it becomes winter some animals hibernate.
• In autumn the leaves on some trees change colour.
• You can use an umbrella to protect you from the rain or from the harsh sun on a hot day.
• Reptiles like to lie and bask in the sun on cold winter's days.
BREATHING: All living things BREATHE gases in and out
• Humans and animals use the gas, oxygen from the air that they breathe in. They release (give off) the gas carbon dioxide when they breathe out.
• Plants take in the gas carbon dioxide into their leaves. They use it to make food. They then release oxygen for animals and humans to use.
FEEDING: All living animals and plants need food
• Food gives all living things the energy they need.
• Green plants can make their own food for energy in their leaves and stems.
• Humans and animals eat plants to get energy.
EXCRETING: All living animals and plants have to get rid of waste products
• Humans and animals have to get rid of waste products from their bodies.
• There are special organs in the body which help to get rid of waste, such as the lungs, kidneys and skin. Your kidneys take the waste out of your blood and produce urine. Also, when you sweat you are actually excreting waste from your skin!
• Plants get rid of waste water through the process of transpiration.
GROWTH: All living things grow
• Human and animal babies grow into adults.
• Seedlings grow into plants.
1. The areas, in kilometers squared, of some countries are given below. USA: 9,629,091, Russia: 17,098,242, China: 9,598,094, Canada: 9,984,670, the UK: 242,400 and India: 3,287,263.
Answer the following questions:
a) Which of these countries has the smallest area?
b) Which of these countries has the largest area?
c) What is the difference between the areas of Russia and China?
d) Find the total area of all countries listed above?
e) Order these countries from the largest to the smallest areas?
2. Jim drove 768 miles of a 1200 miles journey. How many more miles does he need to drive to finish his journey?
3. The rectangle on the left (15 by 25) and the square on the right have the same perimeter. What is the length of one side of the square?
4. There are 123 boxes of sweets in a store. There are 25 sweets in each box. How many sweets are in the store?
5. There are 365 days in one year, and 100 years in one century. How many days are in one century?
6. Billy read 2 books. He read the first one in one week with 25 pages every day. He read the second book in 12 days with 23 pages every day. What is the total number of pages that Billy read?
7. 123 school girls are to be transported in small vans. Each van can carry 8 girls only. What is the smallest possible number of vans that are needed to transport all 123 school girls?
8. John had $100 to buy drinks and sandwiches for his birthday party. He bought 5 small boxes of drinks at $4 each box and 8 boxes of sandwiches at $6 each box. How much money was left after the shopping?
9. A factory produces 5500 toys per week. If the workers at this factory work 4 days a week and if these workers make the same number of toys every day, how many toys are produced each day?
10. Tom, Julia, Mike and Fran have 175 cards to use in a certain game. They decided to share them equally. How many cards should each one take and how many cards are left?
11. The shaded shape is made of 5 congruent squares. The side of one square is 4 cm. Find the total area of the shaded shape.
12 Sam, Carla and Sarah spent on afternoon collecting sea shells. Sam collected 11. If we add the number of sea shells collected by Sam and Carla, the total would be 24. If we add the number of sea shells collected by Carla and Sarah, the total would be 25 shells. How many shells did each one collect?
13 Mr Joshua runs 6 kilometers every day from Monday to Friday. He also runs 12 kilometers a day on Saturday and Sunday. How many kilometers does Joshua run in a week?
14 Tom and Bob are brothers and they each had the same amount of money which they put together to buy a toy. The cost of the toy was $22. If the cashier gave them a change of 6$, how much money did each have?
15 John has 5 boxes of sweets. One group of boxes has 5 sweets in each box. The second group of boxes has 4 sweets in each box. John has a total of 22 sweets. How many boxes of each type John has?(Hint: use table)
16 There is a total of 16 chickens and rabbits in a farm. The total number of legs (chickens and rabbits) is equal to 50. How many chickens and how many rabbits are there? (Hint: use a table)
17 There are 4 more chickens than rabbits in a farm. The total number of legs (chickens and rabbits) is equal to 44. How many chickens and how many rabbits are there? (Hint: use a table)
"Go to the shop" my mother said
"And pick me up a loaf of bread,
Cucumber, celery, chives and cheese,
Punnets of strawberries (three of these)
Bottles of orange juice, hard boiled eggs,
Peanuts, crisps and chicken legs,
Apples red, without a mark,
And then we'll picnic in the park"
I took my list down to the store
I bought up everything and more
Then took it back to Mum again
At just about the time the rain
Began to tumble to the ground
With crashing, bashing, splashing sound.
I shouted loud against the row
"I don't suppose we'll go out now!"
"Of course we won't!" my mum replied
"We'll be far better off inside.
Soggy sandwiches are yuck,
And you and I won't eat such muck.
But don't you worry, child of mine.
All will be well! All will be fine!
You need not fret nor hang your head,
We'll have the picnic here instead!"
She quickly got the food prepared,
and how the budgie squawked and stared,
and how the cat became quite vexed
to see what me and Mum did next.
To the cupboard Mum did scamper,
fetching out the picnic hamper.
Then, packing all the food inside,
she said: “It’s time to take a ride.”
From the yard she fetched her bike
while I brought in my yellow trike.
Then we set off across the hall
until we reached the front-room wall
“Here’s the place!” my mother said,
taking her helmet from her head.
“If I remember rightly, dear,
The picnic spot is right in here.”
The living room was straight ahead,
with walls of beige and carpets red.
We walked inside and looked around
and then Mum pointed to the ground.
“What luck!” cried Mum. “There’s no one here.
Now kindly pass the blanket, dear.”
Then laid the blanket on the floor
between the cupboard and the door.
It didn’t take us long to eat
the food all up, it was a treat.
Then Mum said: “This is getting boring.
Let’s pack up and go exploring!
See that mountain over there?”
she said, and pointed to the stair.
“If we try hard and just don’t stop,
I bet that we could reach the top!”